A Large Calvarial Bone Defect in a Child: Osseointegration of an Implant

Jaakko M. Piitulainen, Jussi P. Posti, Pekka K. Vallittu, Kalle M. Aitasalo, Willy Serlo

In a child with infantile fibrosarcoma of occipital bone, the malignancy was removed at 2.5 years of age, and the defect site was reconstructed with an onlay glass fiber-reinforced composite bioactive glass implant. The follow-up examination at 5 years 7 months showed no signs of tumor recurrence. During the follow-up period, the contour of the reconstructed area followed skull anatomic development.

Computed tomography demonstrated considerably large areas (approximately 70% of the total area) of bone ongrowth to the peridural surface of the implant. Conclusions: In the future, a synthetic cranioplasty material that is able to integrate with cranial bone may be considered superior to cryopreserved bone grafts in younger age groups.

DOI: doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.028